Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC) Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC)
Gender-based violence

Gender-Based Violence
in Conflict Annotated Bibliography

Click above to search hundreds of articles, reports, training manuals and other resources in this one-of-a-kind bibliography

Gender-based Violence

All documents are in Adobe Acrobat(PDF) format PDF File unless otherwise indicated. The free Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded here.

Key resources in the Gender-based Violence category:
click on the title to view the relevant entry below

IASC Guidelines for GBV interventions in humanitarian emergencies
Source: Inter-Agency Standing Committee, September 2005

Clinical Care for Sexual Assault Survivors: a multimedia training tool
Source: International Rescue Committee/University of California-Los Angeles, 2008

Caring for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Emergencies Training Pack
Source: Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility Working Group, 2010

A comprehensive list of all resources in the Gender-based Violence category is below.

  • Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings
    Source: Save the Children/UNFPA, September 2009
    This toolkit was developed as a companion to the Inter-Agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Refugee Settings to help humanitarian program managers and healthcare providers meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents when an emergency strikes, and to ensure that service providers and program managers have the right resources to make programs acceptable, accessible and appropriate for adolescents in emergency situations. It includes user-friendly tools for assessing adolescent needs, fostering participation with communities and parents, and identifying reproductive health entry points in existing adolescent programs.
  • Beyond Firewood: Fuel Alternatives and Protection Strategies for Displaced Women and Girls
    Source: Women's Refugee Commission, March 2006

    An investigation of methods for reducing the vulnerability of displaced women and girls to GBV during the collection of firewood. The project assesses alternative fuel options, firewood collection techniques and other protection strategies, appropriate to the local context and in all phases of an emergency.

    Synopsis of Beyond Firewood, also available in French and Arabic

    Case study on Darfur: Finding Trees in the Desert: Firewood Collection and Alternatives in Darfur

    Case study on Nepal: The Perils of Direct Provision: UNHCR's Response to the Fuel Needs of Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal

  • Building a Team Approach to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Violence in Kigoma, Tanzania , December 1998
    This document aims to assist in strengthening a coordinated approach to sexual violence programming with all actors working in the refugee situations in Tanzania.
  • Caring for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Emergencies Training Pack
    Source: Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility Working Group, 2010
    The Caring for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Emergencies Training Pack provides information and skill development in various aspects related to communication and engagement with sexual violence survivors in conflict-affected countries or complex emergencies. It also focuses on medical treatment. This training resource is recommended by and agreed upon by global colleagues to be used as the primary gender-based violence (GBV) training resource. This collaborative tool has helped to bring together lessons learned and best practices in GBV training. This training manual is designed for professional health care providers such as physicians, health workers as well as for members of the legal profession, police, women's groups and other concerned community members, such as community workers, teachers and religious workers. Some of the participants in this training will directly serve adults and children who have been raped. They will offer medical or psychosocial support, help survivors to seek justice or ensure their protection. Other participants will help bring together support groups or receive disclosures of sexual violence in their communities. For more information about the training pack, download the outline document here.

    Training Guide

    General and Psychosocial Modules: Facilitator Manual - Participant Manual

    Medical Modules: Facilitator Manual - Participant Manual

    Powerpoints for Medical Modules

    Participant Pack Handouts
  • Clinical Care for Sexual Assault Survivors: a multimedia training tool
    Source: International Rescue Committee/University of California-Los Angeles, 2008
    The goal of this tool is to improve the clinical care of sexual assault survivors in low resource settings by demonstrating compassionate, competent, and confidential care in keeping with international standards. It is intended for use in the training of all staff in health clinics (clinicians and non-clinicians) who interact with sexual assault survivors.
  • Clinical Management of Rape Survivors: Developing Protocols for use with Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
    Source: WHO, UNHCR, 2004
    Provides guidance to health care providers for medical management after rape of women, men, and children. This guide is designed to assist qualified health care providers (medical co-ordinators, medical doctors, clinical officers, midwives, and nurses) to develop protocols for the management of rape survivors, based on available resources, materials, drugs, and national policies and procedures. Managers and trainers of health care services can also benefit, as they may use the guide to plan for survivor care and train health care providers accordingly. (The link is to a revised and updated edition of the original 2002 guide)
    Also available in French and Arabic
  • Counselling Training Manual Trauma, Guilt and Self Esteem
    Source: International Planned Parenthood Federation South Asia Regional Office, 2009
    This training package is prepared for counsellors and health care providers who offer sexual and reproductive health services to women and youhg people. The focal areas are trauma, guilt and self-esteem.
  • Crisis Intervention Teams: Responding to Sexual Violence in Ngara, Tanzania
    Source: UNHCR, January 1997
    This is the first in a planned series to document field experiences on HOW various actors undertook the implementation of Reproductive Health activities. The document was compiled from field reports, discussions with key actors and selected telephone interviews.
  • Determination of the Prevalence of Gender Based Violence Among Conflict-Affected Populations in East Timor, A
    Source: RHRC Consortium and the International Rescue Committee, July 2003
    The RHRC Consortium's "GBV Initiative" aimed to produce qualitative and quantitative research on GBV in conflict-affected countries in Asia, Europe, and Africa. The Initiative produced assessment, monitoring, and evaluation tools designed to assist donor and implementing agencies in the early identification of and appropriate response to GBV in complex humanitarian emergencies. This survey was conducted in East Timor.
  • Emergency Contraception for Conflict Affected Settings: A Reproductive Health Response in Conflict Consortium Distance Learning Module
    Source: Developed by the Women's Refugee Commission on behalf of the RHRC Consortium, 2004
    The RHRC Consortium is working to mainstream EC by increasing awareness and knowledge of EC and improving access to and demand for EC in appropriate program locations.
    The brochure version of the module can be downloaded in English (updated in October 2008; optional cover here), French (updated in October 2008; optional cover here), Spanish, Portuguese, Pashto, and Burmese.
  • Engaging Boys and Men in GBV Prevention and Reproductive Health in Conflict and Emergency-Response Settings: A Workshop Module
    Source: CARE, EngenderHealth, March 2009
    A training guide for a 2-day skill-building workshop to introduce the topic of engaging boys and men in RH in conflict and emergency-response settings. The module includes a facilitator's guide, handouts, slides for presentations, and participant resources for additional reading. The module is intended for personnel working in conflict and other emergency-response settings. This module is appropriate for staff that have had some training in gender, GBV prevention, and reproductive health.
  • Engaging Men and Boys in Refugee Settings to Address Sexual and Gender Based Violence
    Source: Women's Refugee Commission, UNHCR, Sonke Gender Justice Network, December 2008
    A report from a workshop held in Cape Town, South Africa in September 2008, with 3 main objectives; a) Awareness raising for UNHCR staff, people of concern and NGO partners on addressing masculinities. b) Skills building for UNHCR staff, people of concern and NGO partners on how to integrate masculinities into programs to address SGBV and promote gender equality. c) Development of a critical mass of trainers to undertake training on masculinities throughout the region.
  • Ethical and safety recommendations for researching, documenting and monitoring sexual violence in emergencies
    Source: WHO, 2007
    This document applies to all forms of inquiry about sexual violence in emergencies. 8 recommendations are offered, intended to ensure that the necessary safety and ethical safeguards are in place prior to commencement of any information gathering exercise concerning sexual violence in emergencies. Also available in French
  • Facilitator's Guide: Training Manual for Multisectoral and Interagency Prevention and Response to Gender-based Violence
    Source: JSI/RHRC, 2004
    The interactive and flexible curriculum in this training manual covers basic information about gender, gender-based violence, and the recommended standards for prevention and and response to GBV in populations affected by armed conflict. Individual training modules with step by step guidance and instructions for facilitators/trainers. The goal of this manual is to support efforts around the globe to protect women and children in populations affected by armed conflict, and strengthen action to address gender-based violence in field settings.
    We encourage use of the training manual, and welcome feedback. Please send email to
  • Fact Sheet on Gender-based Violence
    Source: Raise Initiative, 2007
    This document is an overview of key facts, messages and resources on gender-based violence.
  • From Awareness to Action: Eradicating Female Genital Mutilation with Somali Refugees in Eastern Ethiopia
    Source: UNHCR, May 1998
    This HOW TO GUIDE describes activities to eradicate Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) with Somali refugees living in Hartesheikh Camp and the surrounding national population in Eastern Ethiopia during 1996-97. It specifically describes a six month pilot project which ran for more than one year to eradicate FGM that was undertaken by the National Committee on Traditional Practices of Ethiopia (NCTPE) with support and guidance from UNHCR and in coordination with Ethiopian authorities. The GUIDE also provides useful information on how other countries are working to eradicate FGM, provides UNHCR's policy on FGM as well as references and resources for further reading.
    (Note: this is a 12Mb PDF file)
  • GBV Checklist for the Field, Gender-Based Violence Global Technical Support Project
    Source: RHRC Consortium/JSI Research and Training Institute, June 2004
    This is a checklist for action in the prevention & response to gender-based violence in displaced settings.
  • GBV Communication Skills Manual
    Source: Family Health International (FHI), the RHRC Consortium, and the IRC, December 2004
    The manual includes a training outline, a list of materials needed, an in-depth training curriculum, and all transparencies, handouts, and activity sheets necessary to conduct a training. The training is designed so that all the materials used can be shared with participants at the end of the workshop, which will allow for subsequent trainings on topics relevant to their context. The training is designed to be completed in 5 days, beginning with an overview of GBV and then covering areas focusing on engagement strategies for work with GBV survivors, methods to support the service provider, and service provider responsibilities and community referrals facilitation skills overview, training review and evaluation.
  • GBV Newsletter, Issue 2004: 1
    Source: JSI Research & Training Institute, March 2004
    This issue focuses on training and includes information about new resource materials available and a short summary of a field experience with training.
  • GBV Newsletter, Issue 2004: 4
    Source: JSI Research & Training Institute, November 2004
    There are many similar issues and challenges that GBV program managers and staff face every day  regardless of their geographical location or organizational affiliation. The GBV Newsletter provides a forum for discussion as well as information about resources, news, and other items of interest.
  • GBV Quick Guide
    Source: Global Technical Support Project, RHRC Consortium, JSI Research and Training Institute,, June 2004
    This is an overview of key facts and messages on GBV in the context of displacement and humanitarian crises.
  • GBV Synopsis of UNHCR 2003 Guidelines
    Source: Gender-Based Violence Global Technical Support Project, RHRC Consortium/JSI Research and Training Institute, June 2004
    The 2003 updated UNHCR Guidelines offer practical advice on how to design strategies and carry out activities aimed at preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence. The following is a synopsis of the guidelines, intended to give an overview of the guidance provided but not to replace the Guidelines themselves. The full Guidelines are available through UNHCR offices worldwide, in hard copy and CD- ROM, and are also downloadable here.
  • Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in Conflict-Affected Settings
    Source: ARC International, 2005

    This publication series was designed specifically to help communities and humanitarian workers to assess the situation in their particular setting and to determine the needs and next steps to implementing comprehensive and multi-sectoral programs to address GBV. A special emphasis has been given to the provision of legal aid, as that is a sector often neglected. Within this series of publications ARC's program in Guinea, West Africa, has been highlighted as an example of programmatic possibilities. The program in Guinea, which serves Liberian and Sierra Leonean Refugees, has been successful in taking innovative and effective approaches to addressing GBV. Download entire series (30.4 MB) or by publication:  Gender-Based Violence Legal Aid: A Participatory Toolkit, Community Safety Initiative Gender-Based Violence Program, Legal Aspects of Violence Against Refugee Women in Kissidougou Town and Albadariah Camps and An Overview of the Fern Holland Legal Aid Clinic.

  • Gender-based Violence Tools Manual: For Assessment, Program Design, Monitoring and Evaluation in Conflict-Affected Settings
    Source: Reproductive Health Response in Conflict Consortium, February 2004
    The tools in this manual have been formulated according to a multi-sectoral model of GBV programming (described more thoroughly on page 35) that promotes action within and coordination between the constituent community, health and social services, and the legal and security sectors. The manual is meant to be used by humanitarian professionals who have experience with and are committed to GBV prevention and response.
    The full report is available in a French translation; selected chapters available in Arabic.
  • Gender-Based Violence: Emerging Issues in Programs Serving Displaced Populations
    Source: a report by Beth Vann, September 2002
    Described by the author as a "compendium of key lessons learned during my five years working with GBV programs in 12 countries." This report provides background and current information about gender-based violence programming with populations affected by armed conflict. It gives concrete advice and examples of programming addressing gender-based violence, and lists valuable resources for further information. This report is divided into the following three sections: Emerging Standards; Common Issues, Practical Solutions; and Varied Programs, Shared Challenges. With appendices.
  • Guidelines for Prevention and Response: Sexual and Gender-Based Violence against Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons
    Source: UNHCR, May 2003
    The 2003 updated UNHCR Guidelines offer practical advice on how to design strategies and carry out activities aimed at preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence.
    See also synopsis of guidelines here.
  • Handbook for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings
    Source: Gender-based Violence Area of Responsibility Working Group, July 2010
    This training manual, developed by Family Health International (FHI), the RHRC Consortium, and the International Rescue Committee (IRC) for service providers attending to gender-based-violence (GBV) survivors. The manual includes a detailed 5-day communication skills training of trainers curriculum, with materials, agendas and handouts that may be used by participants to conduct future training. The manual covers the basics of GBV, engagement strategies for working with GBV survivors, service provider responsibilities, community referrals, methods to support service providers, and the evaluation process.
  • IASC Gender Handbook for Humanitarian Action: Women, Girls, Boys & Men, Different Needs  Equal Opportunities
    Source: IASC, December 2006
    The Gender Handbook supports and complements the IASC Gender-Based Violence Guidelines (Sep. 2005). It is a sector-by-sector guide on how to ensure gender equality programming in humanitarian situations. It provides practical tips on how to mainstream gender and checklists to measure the progress in meeting the needs and ensuring the equal participation of women, girls, boys and men in all aspects of humanitarian response.
  • IASC guidelines for GBV interventions in humanitarian emergencies
    Source: Inter-Agency Standing Committee, September 2005
    The IASC has issued these Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Emergencies: Focusing on Prevention and Response to Sexual Violence to meet the need for a coherent and participatory approach to prevent and respond to gender-based violence. This is a tool to for field actors to establish a multisectoral coordinated approach to gender-based violence programming in emergency settings. Also available in Arabic, Bahasa, French, and Spanish.

    Matrix on IASC Gender-Based Violence Arabic, English, French, Spanish

  • IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings
    Source: IASC, 2007
    The IASC issued these Guidelines to enable humanitarian actors to plan, establish and coordinate a set of minimum multi-sectoral responses to protect and improve people's mental health and psychosocial well-being in the midst of an emergency. Matrix (English)
  • If Not Now, When? Addressing Gender-Based Violence in Refugee, Internally Displaced, and Post-Conflict Settings
    Source: Jeanne Ward on behalf of the RHRC Consortium, April 2002
    The overall objective of this report is to provide a baseline narrative account of some of the major issues, programming efforts, and gaps in programming related to the prevention of and response to GBV among conflict-affected populations worldwide.
  • Inter-agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings
    Source: Inter-agency Working Group (IAWG) on Reproductive Health in Crises, 2010
    The 2010 Inter-agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings is an update of the 1999 Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations: An Inter-agency Field Manual, the authoritative guidance on reproductive health interventions in humanitarian settings.
    The document is available chapter-by-chapter and as a single zip file by following the link above, as well as Arabic, Bahasa, Dari, French and Spanish translations, corrections, details of regional launches and hard copy ordering.
  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Domestic Violence Among Refugee Communities in Lebanon
    Source: Association Nadjeh in collaboration with the Womens Commission and Columbia University, March 2004
    This is a report of two studies conducted to examine knowledge, attitudes and practices pertaining to domestic violence in a community of beneficiaries of Association Najdeh, a Lebanese local NGO involved with womens development primarily among Palestinian refugees in different regions of residence in Lebanon. This activity was designed to complement a community level intervention in the area of domestic violence.
  • Minimum Initial Service Package Advocacy Sheet
    Source: IPPF/Women's Refugee Commission, December 2009
    This document summarizes the importance of implementing the MISP at the onset of every emergency, as advocacy messages for policy makers.
  • Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP) for Reproductive Health in Crisis Situations: A Distance Learning Module
    Source: Women's Refugee Commission, July 2011
    A self-instructional learning module that helps to increase knowledge of priority reproductive health services to initiate at the onset of a crisis. Module includes chapter quizzes and post-test. A passing score on the post-test will result in certification.

    The previous version of the module dates back to 2006 and is also available in French, and available here for download in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Bahasa, and Russian.

    A Burmese version is available here.

    Also available are fact sheets and inserts (English, French, Spanish and Arabic).

    A "cheat sheet" is also available in English ((IPPF/Women's Refugee Commission, December 2009)), Arabic (WRC, March 2012),French (UNFPA, March 2010), Spanish, and Bahasa.

  • Monitoring and Evaluation of Sexual Gender Violence Programs in Tanzania
    Source: UNHCR, April 2000
    The purpose of this GUIDE is to offer a framework for developing programme monitoring and evaluation tools and systems. The GUIDE describes one effort to do so, in the Tanzania SGV programme. This GUIDE can assist UN agencies, NGOs, refugees, and host governments to identify programme monitoring needs and establish tools and systems that are useful and meaningful in developing multi-sectoral SGV programmes in any country.
  • Peril or Protection: The Link Between Livelihoods and Gender-based Violence in Displacement Settings
    Source: Women's Refugee Commission, November 2009
    The report covers the findings of three Women's Refugee Commission field assessments to Egypt, Malaysia and Ethiopia coupled with the learning from a funded pilot project in Burundi as well as desk research and expert interviews. Key findings conclude that without economic opportunities, women resort to dangerous and desperate measures to provide for themselves and their families, often heightening their risk of sexual exploitation and abuse. However, when economic opportunities are provided without built-in protective elements, an increase in sexual violence outside the home and heightened domestic violence within the home often ensue.
  • Prevalence of Gender-Based Violence: Preliminary Findings from a Field Assessment in Nine Villages in the Peja Region, Kosovo
    Source: Women's Wellness Center and the Reproductive Health Response in Crises Consortium, December 2006
    A study on the prevalence of multiple forms of gender-based violence (GBV) was undertaken by the Women's Wellness Center (WWC) in the Peja Region of Kosovo in August 2002. The design, implementation, and analysis of the research were the result of collaboration between the WWC and the Reproductive Health Response in Crises (RHRC) Consortium, with expert contribution from GBV researchers at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the University of Arizona. The primary goal of the collaborative effort was to produce data for programmatic and policy use by the WWC.
  • Reproductive Health Services for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons: Report of an Inter-agency Global Evaluation
    Source: Inter-agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Refugee Situations, November 2004
    Report of an Inter-agency Global Evaluation 2004, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, November 2004. This report highlights the status of reproductive health services for refugees and internally displaced persons, identifies gaps in these services, and outlines the way forward with respect to strengthening and/or expanding services. In addition to the report and its appendices, there is a brief synopsis, web film, and PowerPoint presentations.
  • RHRC 2003 Conference Proceedings: From Disaster to Development
    Source: RHRC Consortium, October 2003
    This page features a summary of the proceedings, a book of abstracts, and select presentations from the RHRC Consortium Conference held in Brussels, Belgium, October 7-8, 2003.
  • RHRC Consortium 2000 Conference Proceedings: Reproductive Health of Refugees and Displaced Populations
    Source: RHRC Consortium, December 2000
    This page features the proceedings of the RHRC Conference 'Findings On Reproductive Health Of Refugees And Displaced Populations', held in Washington DC, December 5-6, 2000.
  • Sexual and Gender-Based Violence - Guinea
    Source: UNHCR, January 2001
    This guide provides an overview of the Sexual and Gender- Based Violence (SGBV) programme for refugee areas in the Republic of Guinea. Its purpose is to assist other on-going SGV programmes or those in the initial planning stages through summarising what was accomplished, how it was done and the lessons learned during the implementation of activities.
  • Sexual and Gender-Based Violence - Liberia
    Source: UNHCR, January 2001
    The purpose of this document is to offer a framework that can be used in responding to and preventing SGBV. This framework will strengthen the capacity of humanitarian actors to respond and prevent SGBV against refugees by putting in place systems, structures and services that can respond compassionately to survivors.
  • Sexual Violence in Refugee Crises: a synopsis of the UNHCR Guidelines for Prevention and Response
    Source: Women's Refugee Commission, 2003
    This document summarizes the the UNHCR Guidelines for Prevention and Response.
  • Survey on the Prevalence of Gender-Based Violence in Women Displaced by the Armed Conflict in Cartagena - Colombia
    Source: RHRC, League of Displaced Women of Bolīŋ­var, the Women's Empowerment Network of Cartagena and Bolivar, the Union of Community Mothers and the University of Cartagena, October 2004
    This survey was conducted as part of the RHRC Consortium's three-year "GBV Initiative" that aimed to produce qualitative and quantitative information about gender-based violence in countries in Asia, Europe and Africa affected by armed conflict. A Spanish version is also available here.
  • The Role of International Law in the Struggle Against Sex-Based and Gender-Based Violence Against Refugee Women
    Source: A consultancy report by Maya Steinitz on behalf of the RHRC Consortium, March 2001
    This document introduces international law and its uses in the prevention of sex-based and gender-based violence against refugee women, and includes examples compiled by the United Nations that illustrate some steps taken at the national level to eradicate violence against women by improving laws relating to violence against women.